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Oxytocin injection
OXYTOCIN - INJECTABLE

Important Note

The following information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that use of the drug is safe, appropriate, or effective for you. Consult your healthcare professional before using this drug.

OXYTOCIN - INJECTABLE

(ox-ee-TOE-sin)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Pitocin

WARNING: This medication is recommended to be used only in pregnancies that have a medical reason for inducing labor (e.g., eclampsia). It is not recommended for elective (voluntary) procedures or to make the birthing process more convenient. For additional information, consult your doctor.

Uses

Oxytocin is a hormone used during the late stage of pregnancy to induce labor (contractions). It is often used to induce labor in difficult pregnancies or pregnancies at risk for complications (e.g., preeclampsia, eclampsia, diabetes).

OTHER

Uses

This drug may also be used during pregnancy to test the heartbeat of the fetus; and to remove the afterbirth (placenta) and control bleeding of the womb (uterus) after childbirth.

How To Use

Follow all instructions for proper mixing and dilution with the correct IV fluids. If you have questions regarding the use of this medication, consult your pharmacist. Give this medication slowly by vein (IV) as prescribed by the doctor. This drug should be mixed in a saline, dextrose, or Lactated Ringers solution. The dosage and length of treatment is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid. Learn how to store and discard needles and medical supplies safely. Consult your pharmacist.

Side Effects

Nausea, vomiting, cramping, and stomach pain may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify the doctor promptly. Tell the doctor immediately if any of these serious side effects occur in the mother: irregular heartbeat, dizziness, lightheadedness, swelling, severe bleeding (after childbirth), seizures, headache, blurred vision, one-sided weakness. Tell your doctor immediately if any of these serious side effects occur in the newborn: irregular heartbeat, yellowing eyes or skin, bleeding in the eyes, seizures. An allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include: rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, trouble breathing. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Precautions

Tell the doctor your medical history, especially of: heart problems, bleeding problems, seizures, kidney disease, high blood pressure, any allergies. This medication is not recommended for use during the first 6 months (2 trimesters) of pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. This medication passes into breast milk. While there have been no reports of harm to nursing infants, consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Drug Interactions

Tell the doctor of all prescription and nonprescription medications used, especially: drugs used in anesthesia (e.g., epinephrine, thiopental), prochlorperazine injection, warfarin. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.

Notes

Laboratory and/or medical tests will be performed to monitor your progress.

Missed Dose

If your dose is interrupted or stopped, contact the doctor to establish a new dosing schedule/rate.

Storage

Store the unmixed vials/ampules in a cool place less than 59 to 77 degrees F (15 to 25 degrees C) away from light. After mixing and subsequent dilution with IV fluids, this product is stable at room temperature or refrigerated for 24 hours.